An advocate, counsel, official agent employed in preparing, managing, and trying cases in the courts. An officer in a court of justice, who is employed by a party in a cause to manage the same as he do.

In English law. An attorney at law was a public officer belonging to the superior courts of common law at Westminster, who conducted legal proceedings on behalf of others, called his clients, by whom he was retained; he answered to the solicitor in the courts of chancery, and the proctor of the admiralty, ecclesiastical, probate, and divorce courts. An attorney was almost invariably also a solicitor. It is now provided by the judicature act, 1873.


A person admitted to practice law in at least one jurisdiction and authorized to perform criminal and civil legal functions on behalf of clients. These functions include providing legal counsel, drafting legal documents, and representing clients before courts, administrative agencies, and other tribunals.
Unless a contrary meaning is plainly indicated this term is synonymous with "attorney at law,""lawyer," or "counselor at law."
In order to become an attorney, a person must obtain a Juris Doctor degree from an accredited law school, although this requirement may vary in some states. Attendance at law school usually entails three years of full-time study, or four years of study in evening classes, where available. A bachelor's degree is generally a prerequisite to admission to law school.
With few exceptions, a person must pass the bar examination of that state in order to be admitted to practice law there. After passing a bar examination and practicing law for a specified period, a person may be admitted to the bars of other states, pursuant to their own court rules.

What Qualifies Someone as an Attorney?

An attorney at law or attorney-at-law is typically abbreviated to attorney in everyday conversation. An attorney is considered the official name for a lawyer in the United States. The first known use of the term attorney-at-law was in 1768.

An attorney-at-law is defined as a practitioner in a court of law who is legally qualified to prosecute and defend actions in such court on the retainer of clients. The English word attorney has French origins, meaning “a person acting for another as an agent or deputy.” An attorney actually practices law in court whereas a lawyer may or may not. An attorney has passed the bar exam and has been approved to practice law in his jurisdiction.

Although the terms often operate as synonyms, an attorney is a lawyer but a lawyer is not necessarily an attorney. To the general public, these terms may be used interchangeably but to the American Bar Association, the slight distinction is significant.

Other Common Law Terms of Distinction

In other common law jurisdictions around the world such as England and Wales, more specific distinctions are drawn. There, they differentiate between those who practice law in court and those who do not by the use of terms such as solicitors, barristers, and advocates. In other countries, public notaries are also distinguished from attorneys.
A solicitor is a lawyer who deals with any legal matter. Typically, they don’t appear in court but prepare legal documents and work directly with clients providing legal advice. Historically, the term solicitor was used in the United States. It was referred to lawyers who handled cases in a court of equity. Whereas attorneys, at that time, only dealt with cases in a court of law.
On the other hand, barristers are called upon by solicitors if their case requires a court appearance. A barrister doesn’t work directly with clients but receives referrals from solicitors who are often retained by their clients. The solicitor will assist the barrister with all preparations for the case outside of court. Although this is not always the case, an advocate is another term for barrister in many English-law based jurisdictions.

The Professional Title Esquire

An additional term used is esquire. It is employed at the end of an attorney’s name, abbreviated as Esq. Its purpose is to give an honorary title. Similar to the use of the abbreviations Dr. or Ph.D., it also signifies a professional title. Its origins are in England where the title was once reserved for males, as a term of respect for those of high social rank.
Esquire is a title one may tack on without the approval of the American Bar Association or any other legal entity. Therefore, it can be somewhat controversial. Some have added it to their names without having obtained the actual qualifications. This gives the false perception of their ability to legally practice law. Therefore, it serves to be cautious and not presumptuous when encountering this term.

Conclusion: Attorney at law

Attorney at law or attorney-at-law, usually abbreviated in everyday speech to attorney, is the preferred term for a practicing lawyer in certain jurisdictions, including South Africa (for certain lawyers), Sri Lanka, and the United States. In Canada, it is used only in Quebec. The term has its roots in the verb to attorn, meaning to transfer one's rights and obligations to another.

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How to Reset a forgotten Password to Login MacBook

របៀបប្តូរពាក្យសម្ងាត់ ដើម្បី Login ចូល MacBook ដែលអ្នកបានភ្លេច

អស់កង្វល់អំពីការ Login ចូល MacBook របស់អ្នកហើយ ទោះបីជាអ្នកបានភ្លេច ពាក្យសម្ងាត់ ក៏ យើងអាចជួយអ្នកឲ្យ Reset ពាក្យសម្ងាត់ថ្មីបានភ្លាមៗផងដែរ។ អ្នកគ្រាន់តែអនុវត្តន៍តាម ជំហានងាយៗដូចខាងក្រោមៈ(Please follow the following steps to reset your forgotten login MacBook Password):

  1. ចុចប៊ូតុង Power រួចបន្តទៅជំហានទី២ ឲ្យលឿន
    (Quickly Press "Power" botton $latex \Rightarrow$ Step 2 immedietely)

  2. ចុចឲ្យជាប់នូវក្តារចុចៈ Command + S ដើម្បីចូលទៅក្នុង Terminal Mode ដូចរូប (Hold Keys: Command + S until OSX boot into Terminal Mode as picture below)

  3. បន្ទាប់មកសេរសេរ Command ដូូចខាងក្រោម
    (Then insert the following Command line):
    [code language="css"] mount -uw /[/code]

    $latex \Rightarrow $ press Enter


  5. សរសេរ Command ខាងក្រោម រួចចុច Enter ម្តងទៀត(សរសេរតែ១ជួរប៉ុណ្ណោះ)
    (Then, insert the command line below in a single line, then press Enter)
    [code language="css"]launchctl load /System/Library/LaunchDaemons/[/code]

    $latex \Rightarrow$ Enter


  7. បន្តទៀតសរសេរ Command ខាងក្រោម រួចចុច Enter បន្តទៀត
    (Then, insert the below Command line and Press Enter)
    [code language="css"] ls /Users [/code]

    $latex \Rightarrow $ Enter

    បន្ទាប់មកអ្នកនឹងឃើញឈ្មោះ Username ដែលមាននៅលើ MacBook របស់អ្នក។ បើមាន User ច្រើន នោះវានឹងចេញបន្តបន្ទាប់គ្នាតាមជួរឈរ។ តែក្នុងករណីនេះ MacBook របស់ខ្ញុំមាន User តែមួយប៉ុណ្ណោះ។ (The above command allow you to see all Username(s) on your MacBook. If there are more than 1 user, it will display all usernames in the different rows in same Column. In my case, I have only 1 user on my MacBook.)


  9. ដើម្បីលុបពាក្យសម្ងាត់ចេញពី Username របស់យើង និងដាក់ពាក្យសម្ងាត់ថ្មី យើងត្រូវសរសេរ Command line ដូចខាងក្រោម (In order to delete the forgotten password and Set new password to your username, insert the following Command line):
    [code language="css"]dscl . -passwd /Users/qnelson 123456 [/code]

    $latex \Rightarrow $ press Enter

    + qnelson: is my Username (Please change to yours)
    + 12345: is my new password (Please change to yours)


  11. បន្តាប់មកសរសេរ Command ដើម្បី Restart:
    Then, enter the Reboot command line as below):
    [code language="css"]localhost:/root# reboot[/code]
    $latex \Rightarrow $ Enter​​


  13. បន្ទាប់ពី MacBook បានចាប់ផ្តើមដំណើរការឡើងវិញ វានឹងចេញផ្ទាំងឲ្យអ្នកបញ្ចូល ពាក្យសម្ងាត់របស់អ្នកដែលទើបបានសរសេររួចគឺ 12345​ ខាងលើ។
    (After your MacBook completely Reboot, the below window will appear and you need to insert password that u just change in step above : 12345)
    $latex \Rightarrow $ Login


  15. ជាចុងក្រោយ ចុច Create New Keychain ដើម្បីការពារការលួចចូលពីអ្នកដទៃ
    (Last Step, just Click on Continue log in or Create New Keychain to protect the attempt login from others


It's Done..!! Now you can login Back to your MacBook.



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Internet and Download Tools

$latex \bigstar$ Tango for PC
Tango Official Site
ទាញយក |download here
$latex \bigstar$ Viber for Windows
Direct Link : ទាញយក | download here
My Dropbox : ទាញយក | download here
$latex \bigstar$ Internet Download Manger 6.18 build 9 + Path
ទាញយក | download here


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